Last night, Barack Obama was re-elected as President of the United States. He received 50% of the vote, while his opponent, Mitt Romney, received 48%. We call that the “popular vote.”
But presidents are not elected by the popular vote – they’re elected with electoral votes. If you look at the picture above, you can see how many electoral votes a candidate receives if he or she wins that state. Last night, for example, Obama got more popular votes in New York State, so he received 29 electoral votes.
There are 538 electoral votes in total, so the first candidate to reach 270 electoral votes is the winner. As you can see, they haven’t finished counting the votes in Florida, but it doesn’t matter – Obama already reached 270 last night.
Electoral votes are based on population – the more people a state has, the more electoral votes it has.
When candidates lose an election, they give a concession speech. Here is Romney’s from last night (to read it click here):
And here is Obama’s victory speech (to read it click here):
On Tuesday, November 6th, United States citizens will vote for President.
The current President is Barack Obama. He is a Democrat. Mitt Romney, a Republican, is his opponent.
There is a presidential election every four years in the United States. Presidents can only be elected twice – eight years in total.
If you are a U.S. citizen and you haven’t registered to vote, click here for more information on how to register. You can also talk to your teacher or the office if you need help!
About Barack Obama
Barack Obama was elected President in 2008. He beat Republican candidate John McCain.
Obama is 51 years old – he was born in Honolulu, Hawaii in 1961. His mother was from Kansas, and his father was from Kenya.
He graduated from Columbia University in New York, and he got a law degree from Harvard Law School. He has worked as community organizer, a lawyer, an Illinois State Senator, and a United States Senator.
He has written two best-selling books, Dreams From My Father and The Audacity of Hope.
He is married to Michelle Obama, and they have two daughters.
About Mitt Romney
Mitt Romney is 65 years old – he was born in Detroit, Michigan in 1947. His father was born in Mexico, and his mother was from Utah.
He graduated from Brigham Young University, and he got a law degree from Harvard Law School and a Masters Degree from Harvard Business School. He has worked as a businessman and he was the Governor of Massachusetts. He also helped organize the Olympic Games in 2002.
Romney started his own investment business called Bain Capital and became a millionaire.
He is married to Ann Romney, and they have five sons.
Now that you know a little something about the two presidential candidates, take the quiz to test your knowledge: